When organizational performance does not meet desired expectations, human behaviors within the organization must change. Performance “deals with the outcomes, results, and accomplishments achieved” by the people within the organization . . . behavior is a means to that end. Human performance improvement must improve an organization’s bottom-line, while producing measurable results of organizations, work groups, and individuals. The HPI methodology should be considered by those interested in improving how well people perform in organizational settings (Rothwell et al., 2018).